Samsung leads the way towards 1.4nm by 2027

During the Samsung Foundry Forum 2022, Samsung Foundry announced its intent to continue improving semiconductor chips so that they are smaller, faster and more energy efficient. To this end, the company has announced its plans to manufacture 2nm and 1.4nm chips, as well as other innovations in line with previously announced plans. Before moving on to the new solutions announced in the last few hours, we must remember that the company is also currently aiming to improve on the 3nm chips that will arrive in the coming months. Samsung Foundry has actually begun mass production of the world’s first 3nm (SF3E) chips with GAA (Gate All Around) technology in recent months, promising massive energy efficiency improvements in its solutions and now plans to bring semiconductor chips down to 3nm second generation ( SF3) by 2024. These 3nm second-generation chips will contain transistors 20% smaller than first-generation, which will result in smaller, more energy-efficient chips in various areas, including smartphones, computers, cloud servers, and wearables. Upgrading to 2 and 1.4 NM by 2025, Samsung plans to further improve its 3nm transistor manufacturing technology using the SF3P+ process and start mass production with the aim of attracting some big customers back to it. It has been lost in recent years, such as Apple, AMD, Nvidia and Qualcomm. Also in 2025, Samsung plans to start production of its first 2-nm chips, adopt new technology that will change the way chips will be powered, and move to a back-end power delivery system. Currently, transistors are powered and communicated only by one side of the chip, while new back-end power delivery technology will allow the data transmission and power supply to be split between different sides of the chip. This will improve overall performance and Intel is also planning to introduce similar functionality (PowerVia) into its chips by 2024. Looking ahead to 2027, Samsung Foundry is preparing to launch the new node, 1.4nm (SF1.4) which will enter mass production at that time. The South Korean company has not yet revealed what improvements to expect from its 1.4nm chips, but it confirms that movements in this regard will remain within Moore’s Law. Also new in radio-frequency and automotive, the South Korean company expects 50% of the chip demand to come from the automotive, HPC (high performance computing), Internet of Things and 5G markets, and the automotive and HPC sectors will use advanced 4nm processes. Samsung is also producing 8nm RF chips for the telecom industry and is developing 5nm RF chips that could be launched soon. In short, Samsung’s plans for the future are well defined: now we just have to wait to see it implemented in the following products, to understand whether the company has overcome the critical problems that have plagued the last decade, in particular those in the 5 and 4 no margin.

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